You may wonder, “What could possibly grow so well on an exposed volcanic rock?” The Santorini fava beans do.
Well, if you’ve read our blog on Santorini’s rare cherry tomatoes, you already know that certain produce grow well ONLY here on Santorini. They offer this unique, sweet flavor due to the specific ground of volcanic origin, the microclimate, as well as the intense sunshine and water scarcity.
Santorini fava is a product of the yellow split peas grown in Santorini. The minerals in Santorini’s soil are the perfect companion to the crop’s growth, and so is the night fog that rises from the sea and brings to the plant’s much-needed moisture in the dry, hot summer weather. The yellow split peas grow on waterless fields, typically in the traditional way with farm animals and a lot of manual labor. The crops are predictably small, but the flavor and the quality are unmatched. Santorini fava is a favorite amongst the Greeks and is shipped nationwide for everyone to delight in.
Split peas, with their velvety texture, can form the basis for a lot of culinary experimentations. However, a side dish called ‘Santorini fava’ tends to be the most popular. At the end of this blog, we will include a simple recipe for you. Santorini fava cooks quickly and evenly and has a distinctive full taste that will become a benchmark by which you will judge other products.
Today, about 200 growers cultivate Santorini's fava fields on the island. They generate a low yield per hectare, plus the labor-intensive method of threshing, processing, and the conservation mentioned above raises its costs. Nevertheless, each year a good harvest is produced.
There are many imitating products grown elsewhere on the market, so keep note that the Santorini fava of the Union of Santorini Cooperatives is the only type that adheres to guaranteed standards and is recognized by the European Union as a Protected Designation of Origin since 2011. This is important to know if you are purchasing the fava bean from an international location.
To understand this creamy, delicious treat, one must understand its origin. Santorini fava a flowering plant from the family Lathurus Clymenum, a local variety of yellow pea. Please don’t confuse it with what English speakers know as fava beans. According to archaeological finds from the Bronze Age city of Akrotiri, the Santorini fava plant has grown consistently and exclusively on the island for more than 3,500 years. Even nowadays, the locals process this unique raw material similar to how it was back in time. They use traditional methods: ground with stone mills, matured in canaves (the island’s typical underground storerooms, cut into the volcanic rock), and dried in the Aegean sun. This procedure results in a highly distinctive flavor.
Santorini Fava is when you cook the split peas into a mash or a puree, which is very similar to hummus in texture. It is a simple, everyday dish, but very nourishing and comforting. It can be served as a main course or more often as a side dish. The simplicity of cooking the yellow split pea is an embodiment of the island itself and the simple way of living. All you need are a few ingredients: dried Santorini fava beans, onions, lots of extra virgin olive oil, and local capers to enjoy this delicious traditional dish straight from this exotic Greek island. It is traditionally eaten warm as an appetizer or as a purée accompanying the main course of meat or fish.
So, when you are visiting the island, make sure to try this delectable treat as many restaurants and taverns offer it. Always make sure to ask and verify that it was the original Santorini fava before you order, though. Or, if you’d like a traditional taste of the island before you visit, order it online and follow the simple recipe below to try at your home.
Enjoy! (Απολαμβάνω in Greek, pronounced Apolamváno)
SantoriniExperts Tip : While the Santorini fava boils, some white foam may come to the surface. Discard the foam with a slotted spoon.